LED (Light Emitting Diode)

The abbreviation LED is short for “Light Emitting Diode” and, in relation to displays, forms the basis for various construction methods of backlighting. This is necessary to make the shown content visible on an otherwise not independently luminous liquid crystal display. Nowadays, light-emitting diodes are generally used as illuminants for this purpose.

More Information about LED (Light Emitting Diode)

Position of the LED layer in the housing

The LED layer is placed behind the LCD panel. However, before the light reaches our retina, several layers and filters are passed through. In addition to the liquid crystal layer, there are, for example, polarisation and colour filters. Depending on the design, the background is illuminated either by the sides or directly from behind.Β 

Different types are used, such as edge-lit, direct-lit, FALD or mini-LED technology. Apart from the mere production costs, the essential differences lie in an uniform illumination and precision when dimming individual images or detail areas.

Compared to modern OLED technology, there are several advantages and disadvantages. These include lower contrast values, sometimes visible backlighting due to brightness peaks or poor workmanship, viewing angle limitations and the sometimes greater depth of the casing.

An Additional Advantages and Disadvantages of LED TVs:

High area brightnessLimited contrast
Energy efficientInconsistent black levels
DurablePicture quality varies per model
Affordable options availablePotential backlighting problems
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